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Monday, 22 May 2017

SLAVERY IN IVORY COAST

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Surprisingly, slavery existed in Ivory Coast. Actually, historians have a hard time to differentiate slavery from captivity. The slaves were captured to be sold to French settlers in exchange for goods (salt, mirrors, clothes, alcohol and tobacco) traded with Ivorian tribal chiefs. But before the European invasion, it was common that tribal leaders exchanged war prisoners. For instance, the victor tribe held hostage the defeated warriors to sell them to allies in exchange for fish, gold, and cowries (shells that served as money). These transactions helped to grow the “workforce” of the tribe enemies for fishing, serving their kingdom and copulating with female slaves. It was the domestic slavery versus the international slavery.
In the 14th century, the Portuguese sailors discovered the African west coast. They called it “Cape Palmas” (from Senegal to Liberia) and “Cape Three Points” (from Ivory Coast to Ghana). They also named “Ivory Coast” because of the Ivory traded; and they called the ports of Sassandra, San Pedro, and Fresco. From the 16th to the 18th century, the British, Dutch, Danish and French sailors settled in the region, too. They built hundreds of fortresses and forts to invade the territory and to organize the global enslavement. 

liberiapastandpresent.com
During the 18th, the French settlers fought against the other European.  The French won the battle. Thus they owned most countries of the region. And they started the slavery. They received many slaves from the Ashanti Kingdom - Gold Coast (Ghana) - to work in gold mines situated in Ivory Coast. The international slavery occurred for one century. Few Ivoirians were sent away. The Guineans, Malians and Senegalese were sent to Europe (Netherland, England, France, Italy…) and America. The Mina from Benin practised Voodoo as a religion, and they were massively deported to Louisiana.
In summary, the French navigators started the global human trafficking with massive deportations of slaves to Europe and America. Oddly, the Ivoirians stayed in their country to labour as domestic slaves. The French settlers decided to keep the name of the country, even though the land ran out of Ivory because the elephants were almost exterminated in only one century.

Benebr


With the authorization of Global Eyes Magazine: Manitoba African and Carribean Quaterly Magazine – February 2017,  page 16.


The sources are the same as the previous article.




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